At first glance, Saudi Arabia’s arid climate may look unsuitable for growing anything but dates. Despite appearing waterless, the country possesses vast underground water reserves. In 2019, they supplied around 10 billion cubic meters of irrigation water to local farms. Moreover, the country built dams to catch occasional heavy rainfall and breaks records in the desalination of seawater. Thanks to this innovative approach, the Kingdom was able to saturate its market with a plentiful supply of local produce, including wheat, dairy, fish, poultry, vegetable and flowers. Saudi Arabia even managed to export all these products around the world. In its’ strategic Vision 2030, Saudi Arabia defines agriculture as one of five main strategic sectors and propagates sustainable use of natural resources, comprehensive food security and rural development.


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