The National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN) has reported that the development of local food needs to be increased to build food security and self-sufficiency as well as to anticipate a food crisis.

At the "Challenges and Efforts for the Achievement of Food Security and Self-Sufficiency," in Jakarta, Indonesia, the Deputy of development policy at BRIN, Mego Pinandito, stated that to anticipate a food crisis, food security is vital for maintaining food sovereignty and self-sufficiency. One way to achieve food security is to increase local food production.

Food sovereignty and self-sufficiency need to be strengthened by ending reliance on imported foods, namely by utilizing the diversity of biological resources, restoring local food diversity, and building agriculture-based industries in rural areas.

Pinandito said that there are five requisites for realizing food self-sufficiency, namely sufficient availability, stability of availability, affordability, good quality or food safety, and zero dependence on outsiders.

The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) has issued a warning regarding the threat of a global food crisis that could result in a spike in the prices of energy, food, and fertilizers.

In the Mid-Term National Development Program (RPJMN) 2020–2024, Indonesia's food security score target is 95.2. However, Indonesia’s food security score on the Global Food Security Index is 60.2, with the country ranking 63rd out of 113 countries.

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