On 13-14 September 2021, the IOFS conducted the two-day International Workshop on the “Role of Animal Genetic Resources in Ensuring Food Security and Improving Livestock Production”. More than 140 participants, including government officials, academia, representatives of scientific and research institutions of OIC member states attended the event via Zoom platform. The event platform provided the good platform for experts on animal genetic resources and livestock specialists to discuss the problems in management of animal genetic resources and make an outline of the current state of genetic resources of agricultural animals (cattle, small ruminants, sheep and goat, camels) in the OIC member countries. Within two-days, 21 eminent experts from Tunisia, Yemen, Turkey, Chad, Bangladesh, Qatar, Azerbaijan, Algeria, Egypt, Kazakhstan, Iran, Iraq, Pakistan, Gambia, Libya, Uganda, elaborated on the present activities implemented by gene banks, research and science institutions in OIC member states, as well as shared their expertise in the conservation and sustainable use of animal genetic resources, particularly use of assisted reproduction technologies (ART) in breeding and selection of farm animals, as well as molecular genetic assessment of breeds and populations of farm. Overall, the event gave the overview of current situation of livestock development and maintenance of animal genetic resources in member countries to consider the opportunities of organizing trainings for OIC countries on sub-regional level (Africa, Asia, MENA) in the management of animal genetic resources, as well as find ways of direct collaboration between particular countries or science institutions on research projects and capacity-building activities. The event has been part of the IOFS programs’ goal on strengthening national capacity of member states in the maintenance of gene banks and enhancing the development of livestock production for promoting agriculture and ensuring food security in the OIC region.