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OIC DRAFT ACTION PROGRAMME FOR DEVELOPMENT OF CASSAVA
Cassava is the fourth popular food crop in the developing countries, after rice, maize, and wheat. According to the global cassava strategy for the new millennium, Cassava is one of the most reliable sources of food and energy that could be obtained from low-fertility soils and drought areas. Africa is the single largest cassava-producing region, currently accounting for nearly one-third of the global production. According to FAO, cassava is a major source of dietary energy for more than 500 million people.
Cassava production in OIC countries accounts for 39% of world total cassava production. Among the 57 OIC members, Cassava is being cultivated and produced in 26 countries. The majority of these countries are located in Sub-Saharan Africa (21) and East Asia and Pacific (3) regions. The total area harvested for cassava in OIC members has been nearly doubled from 6.7 to 11.5 million hectares during 2000-2017, corresponding to 43% of the world total area harvested in 2017.
In 2017, top-10 producers accounted for around 99% of OIC total cassava production (Figure 2). Among these countries, Nigeria alone accounted for more than half (52%) of OIC total production followed by Indonesia (17%), Mozambique (8%) and Cameroon (5%). Globally, seven OIC member countries are ranked among the top-20 Cassava producers. Among these members, Nigeria is ranked as the top global producer, Indonesia is ranked 4th, Mozambique is ranked 10th and Cameroon is ranked 11th.

Food and feed are primary methods of utilization of Cassava in OIC countries. The relative share of food and feed in total production of cassava in OIC countries stands at 45% and 28%, respectively. The food component is relatively high in OIC countries compared to the Non-OIC countries where only 31% of cassava production is being used for food consumption. 
In absolute terms, the highest amount of cassava is used for food in Nigeria (20.6 million tonnes), followed by Indonesia (11.7 million tonnes), and Mozambique (5.8 million tonnes). The relative share of cassava used for food in total production varies greatly across the major producers and consumers of wheat in OIC countries. Among the top-10 consumers of cassava, food use of cassava is higher than 60% in five member countries (Figure 4). On the other hand, once again Nigeria is the top OIC country with respect to feeding use of cassava (26.3 million tonnes) followed by Mozambique (1.4 million tonnes) and Benin (1.2 million tonnes). It is worth highlighting that many OIC countries that don’t produce cassava are importing it for food consumption (like Bangladesh, Pakistan, Oman, and UAE) and feed use (like Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and Turkey). Source: FAOSTAT Online Database

Global trade of dried cassava was recorded at US$ 4.5 billion in 2013-14, including US$ 2.0 billion in exports and US$ 2.5 billion in imports. Although OIC countries accounted for the bulk of global cassava production, their share in trade remained negligible. In 2013-14, with a total value of US$ 39 million, OIC countries accounted for only 2% of global trade in dried cassava. As a group, OIC countries are net exporters of dried cassava with US$ 34 million in exports and US$ 5 million in imports.
Among the OIC countries, Indonesia is the largest exporter of dried cassava with a lion share (96%) of OIC total exports (Figure 6). Among others, Uganda and Malaysia accounted for 2% and 1% of OIC total dried cassava exports, respectively. With respect to imports, Turkey and the United Arab Emirates are the largest importers, accounting for 38% and 36% of OIC total imports, respectively. Among others, Saudi Arabia and Oman account for about 8% each followed by Malaysia (4%). Source: FAOSTAT Online Database

CHALLENGES TO CASSAVA SECTOR IN OIC MEMBER STATES

- Low productivity (typical smallholder yields in Africa: 10-12 tons/ha; attainable yields under good agronomic practices: 50-60 tons/ha)
- High production cost;
- Major pests and diseases including new devastating ones (e.g., cassava brown streak virus disease: CBSV- dubbed as the ‘Ebola for plants’ can yield to losses of 100%)
- Poor and inadequate infrastructure;
- Lack of access to financial resources;
- Poor product quality;
- Lack of a good market information system to create a network among the stakeholders;
- Poor capacity building of the processors, especially the women who are at the forefront of cassava processing;
- Low promotion of SMEs for value-added cassava products;
- Lack of effective strategies for cassava development;
- Lack of cooperation linkages between agricultural research, microfinance institutions, quality standards organizations, and equipment manufactures.

OBJECTIVES AND TARGETS

The overall objective of the OIC Programme of Action for Development of Cassava is to ensure self-sufficiency in cassava in the medium term and to export to the regional and international markets in the long term.

Specific objectives
- Developing cassava sub-sector as a key component of a national economy able to generate employment, contribute to food security and sustain incomes for populations, especially rural;
- Contributing to the creation of jobs, higher incomes, and greater prosperity in cassava producing counties.
Targets
- Increasing significantly in cassava yields and productivity;
- Enhancing national capacities to export value-added cassava products;
- Ensuring food security and alleviating poverty; 
- Raising income of the rural population and stimulating overall community development.

IMPLEMENTATION MECHANISM

Implementation of the OIC Programme of Action for Development of Cassava would be accomplished through the incorporation of the agreed objectives in the national strategies for the development of cassava.
A Steering Committee is to be established comprising OIC member states interested in the value chain development of cassava and relevant OIC institutions. The above Committee will hold regular meetings to review progress made in the implementation of the OIC Programme of Action, identify priorities and new opportunities for the development of the cassava sector and approve projects. In addition, a Project Committee comprising the project-owners and financing partners is to be established as well. The main task of the Project committee will be to monitor and ensure efficient implementation of the approved projects.