The Gambia ( (listen)
), officially the Republic of The Gambia, is a country in West Africa
that is almost entirely surrounded by Senegal
with the exception of its western coastline along the Atlantic Ocean
. It is the smallest country within mainland Africa
The Gambia is situated on both sides of the lower reaches of the Gambia River
, the nation's namesake, which flows through the centre of The Gambia and empties into the Atlantic Ocean. It has an area of 10,689 square kilometres (4,127 sq mi) with a population of 1,857,181 as of the April 2013 census.
The Gambia's economy is dominated by farming, fishing and, especially, tourism. In 2015, 48.6% of the population lived in poverty.
In rural areas, poverty is even more widespread, at almost 70%.